Indian Landscapes

Indian Landscapes

Indian Landscapes

Gallery Exhibition

Indian Landscapes

The Changing Horizon

New Delhi: Hauz Khas Village, 18 August – 7 October 2012

Landscape art arrived in India through travelling European artists who brought the aesthetic of painting mountains, rivers and trees against the sky and a distant horizon—nature as a subject in itself —to Indian art, where it had traditionally only formed a backdrop in narrative-driven, figural paintings. The genre remained popular throughout the nineteenth century with a great demand for landscapes of India both in Europe and among the newly anglicised elite in India. Its popularity began to wane with the advent of modernism and a growing emphasis on the human figure, but several Indian artists, a significant name among them Gopal Ghose, continued to practice the form, now absorbing a wide range of new artistic trends and influences.

The exhibition brings together the work of the earliest European artist-travellers to India such as Thomas Daniell, William Hodges, Edward Cheney, and Robert Grindlay, academic realist oil landscapes by acknowledged masters of the form, J. P. Gangooly and Ravi Varma, as well as a strong representation of academic Indian art school-trained artists from the 1920s-60s who specialised in landscapes such as S. L. Haldankar, M. K. Parandekar, L. N. Taskar, D. C. Joglekar, and S. G. Thakur Singh—and Bengal School’s Far East-inspired innovations seen in the works of Abanindranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Prosanto Roy, Benode Behari Mukherjee, and Indra Dugar. Master printmaker Haren Das, known for his serene, bucolic landscapes of rural Bengal, finds special and substantial representation. A highlight of the exhibition is the inclusion of two scrolls over eight-feet long, one each by artists Kripal Singh Shekhawat and Bishnupada Roychowdhury. The scrolls depict long narratives featuring tiny figures and objects painted painstakingly over paper, reflecting the strong influence of Japanese art.

Post-independent Indian art and modernism is represented by the abiding landscapist Gopal Ghose, experiments in abstraction by F. N. Souza, K. S. Kulkarni, S. H. Raza, S. K. Bakre, Ganesh Haloi, Akbar Padamsee, Ram Kumar, and a rare find—two landscapes by M. F. Husain, an artist not known to have painted landscapes. Other modernist Indian masters too find representation, many with their early works, artists such as Bikash Bhattacharjee and Sunil Das, early modernist landscapes and fantasyscapes of Avinash Chandra, those by Chittaprosad, Rabin Mondal and P. T. Reddy, and Himalayanscapes by Devyani and Kanwal Krishna, and the masterful Bireswar Sen.


A. A. Almelkar

A. H. Müller

A. M. Mali

Abanindranath Tagore

Akbar Padamsee

Ambika Dhurandhar

Amit Ambalal


Anonymous (Early Bengal)

Atul Bose

Avinash Chandra

B. C. Gue

B. C. Sanyal

B. N. Arya

Baburao Painter

Baburao Sadwelkar

Benode Behari Mukherjee

Bhunath Mukherjee

Bhupen Khakhar

Bijan Chowdhury

Bikash Bhattacharjee

Bimal Dasgupta

Bireswar Sen

Bishamber Khanna

Bishnupada Roy Chowdhury

Biswanath Mukerji


D. C. Joglekar

D. C. Joshi

Devraj Dakoji

Dharmanarayan Dasgupta

Dulal Gue

E. A. Dadi

Edward Cheney


G. R. Santosh

G. S. Haldankar

Ganesh Haloi

Gobardhan Ash

Gogi Saroj Pal

Gopal Ghose

H. A. Gade

Haren Das

Hemanta Misra

Hirachand Dugar

Indra Dugar

J. P. Gangooly

Jamini Roy

John Deschamps

Jyoti Bhatt

K. C. S. Paniker

K. H. Ara

K. K. Hebbar

K. Laxma Goud

K. S. Kulkarni

Kanwal Krishna

Kisory Roy

Kripal Singh Sekhawat

Lalit Mohan Sen

Lalu Prasad Shaw

Laxman Pai

M. F. Husain

M. K. Parandekar

M. Mali

M. V. Dhurandhar

Manishi Dey

Manu Parekh

Mukul Dey

N. R. Sardesai

N. S. Bendre

Nandalal Bose

Nikhil Biswas

Olinto Ghilardi

P. Khemraj

P. T. Reddy

Paramjeet Singh

Partha Pratim Deb

Pestonji E. Bomanji

Prankrishna Pal

Prema Pathare

Prokash Karmakar

Prosanto Roy

R. N. Pasricha

Rabin Mondal

Radha Charan Bagchi

Raja Ravi Varma

Ram Kumar

Ramendranath Chakravorty

Ramkinkar Baij

Ranen Ayan Dutta

Reddeppa Naidu

Richard Barron

Robert Grindlay

S. G. Thakar Singh

S. H. Raza

S. K. Bakre

S. L. Haldankar

Sailoz Mookherjea

Satish Sinha

Sohan Qadri

Sudhir Ranjan Khastgir

Sunil Das

Sushil Chandra Sen

Thomas Daniell

Thomas Prinsep

V. B. Pathare

Walter Langhammer

William Carpenter

William Hodges

William Parker

‘The landscape is a powerful subject matter which can embody a wide spectrum of emotions…’


exhibition highlights

The Hindu

1 September, 2012

Business Standard

25 January, 2013

Exhibition and Events