Kshitindranath Majumdar
Kshitindranath Majumdar Kshitindranath Majumdar

Kshitindranath Majumdar

Kshitindranath Majumdar

Kshitindranath Majumdar

1891 - 1975

Kshitindranath Majumdar

Kshitindranath Majumdar, born on 31 July 1891 in Jagtai village of Murshidabad in West Bengal, is often referred to as a saint-artist who considered art as a form of devotion.

Strongly influenced by Vaishnavism as propounded by the fifteenth century saint, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Majumdar trained in hymn singing, interpreted legends from Indian epics, and acted in productions of the theatre group owned by his father.

It was on the advice of the zamindar of the neighbouring village of Nimtita that Majumdar came to Calcutta and joined the Government Art College in 1905. His paintings reflected the style of his master Abandindranath Tagore; he carried Tagore’s delicate, romantic style further by investing his figures with dresses and drapery that carried suggestions of the Ajanta frescos and Rajput paintings.

In 1912, along with Nandalal Bose, Majumdar took over the responsibilities of teaching at the Indian Society of Oriental Art and continued till 1930. Later, at Santiniketan too, he engaged himself with teaching the aesthetic principles inherited from his mentor.

Majumdar’s subject matter comprised mythological narratives, Puranic stories, and Vaishnav gods and saints. He charged his paintings with his own perception of bhakti (devotion) and aimed at a transcendental expression. One of the most significant Bengal School artists, Majumdar continued the trend of revivalism by evolving an art form rooted in traditional Indian modes of image-making and reflecting the spiritual world.

Awarded an honorary D.Litt. by Rabindra Bharati University, Calcutta in 1963, the artist passed away in 1975.

‘Majumdar claims a singular originality in inventing dresses and drapery for his “figurative creatures”. They are wholly imaginary and though... they carry a suggestion from the frescoes of Ajanta and Rajput paintings, are not derived from any specific models’



dag exhibitions

The ‘Manifestations’ series of 20th Century Indian Art, Editions V, VII, VIII, IX

DAG, New Delhi, 2011-13

‘The Art of Bengal’

DAG, New Delhi, 2012; Mumbai, 2014; New York, 2016

‘Indian Divine: Gods & Goddesses in 19th and 20th Century Modern Art’

DAG, New Delhi, Mumbai, 2014

‘Navrasa: The Nine Emotions of Art’

DAG, Mumbai, New Delhi, 2020

notable collections

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

Lalit Kala Akademi, Lucknow

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Allahabad Museum, Allahabad

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Jane and Kito de Boer Collection, Dubai

archival media

The Hindustan Times

24 November, 2001

The Economic Times

1 August, 2010